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Идеологическое противостояние советских партизан и украинских повстанцев на Волыни в 1942–1944 гг. (The Ideological Confrontation of Soviet Guerrillas and Ukrainian Rebels in Volhynia in 1942–1944)

Трофимович, В. (V. Trofymovych) and Сухих, А. (А. Sukhykh) and Трофимович, Л. (L. Trofymovych) (2019) Идеологическое противостояние советских партизан и украинских повстанцев на Волыни в 1942–1944 гг. (The Ideological Confrontation of Soviet Guerrillas and Ukrainian Rebels in Volhynia in 1942–1944). Вестник Томского государственного университета (448). pp. 160-171.

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Рассмотрены предпосылки и причины идеологической борьбы между советскими партизанами и подчиненными бандеровской фракции Организации украинских националистов украинскими повстанцами. Прослежены ее формы и методы. Проанализирована политическая работа противоборствующих сторон среди местного населения с целью привлечения его на свою сторону и дискредитации противника, а также показаны ее последствия. Обращено внимание на использование в идеологической работе среди волынян церковнослужителей. Приведены примеры перехода на сторону советских партизан представителей национальных подразделений УПА. (On the basis of archival materials, as well as other sources and scientific literature, the article attempts to present the little-studied historiography of the ideological confrontation between Soviet guerrillas and subordinates of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, Bandera’s faction, who were Ukrainian rebels on the territory of the historical and ethnographic Volhynia, now part of Volyn, Rivne, parts of Khmelnytskyi, Ternopil and Zhytomyr Oblasts. The chronological framework of the confrontation covers the period from 1942 (the establishment of the Central and Ukrainian headquarters of the Guerrilla Movement of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine; raids of Sumy guerrillas under the command of S. Kovpak and A. Saburov to the RightBank Ukraine; the emergence of armed self-defense groups of Bandera’s Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists in Volhynia and southern Polesia, which, as part of the rebel territory, made up a separate entity called “Northwestern Ukrainian lands”) till 1944 (Nazi invaders’ expulsion from the territory of Ukraine). The article emphasizes that actions of Soviet guerrillas and Ukrainian rebels were subordinated not only to military-political aims, but also to the ideological principles of Bolshevism and Ukrainian integral nationalism, respectively, which had diametrically opposite approaches the solution of the national question. The article covers the forms and techniques of the ideological struggle used by the opposing parties. Different aspects of their propaganda among the local population are considered. The propaganda was aimed at influencing people’s mood, winning them to the parties’ sides, securing their loyalty and support, discrediting the opposite party and its ideology in their eyes. There was a great reaction of the local population to the political work done by Soviet guerrillas and Ukrainian nationalists. There were cases when representatives of the national units of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army joined Soviet guerrillas: those were mostly former Red Army soldiers. The ideological struggle of Soviet guerrillas was more successful in locations where they had a military advantage and protected the locals from the occupants’ taxes and punitive actions. The propaganda by Ukrainian rebels was successful in terms of receiving support and increasing national public moods in Volhynia’s people, but its anti-guerrilla vector never reached the expected result. Attention is drawn to the fact that the attempts of Soviet guerrillas and Ukrainian rebels to reach an agreement on some questions failed in most cases because they had a lot of ideological contradictions, different military and political goals, and mutual hatred that arose in the long and uncompromising struggle.)

Item Type: Article
Corporate Creators: Національний університет «Острозька академія» (National University «Ostroh Academy»), Національний університет «Острозька академія» (National University «Ostroh Academy»), Національна академія сухопутних військ імені гетьмана Петра Сагайдачного (Hetman Petro Sahaidachnyi National Ground Forces Academy)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Советские партизаны; украинские националисты; повстанцы; Волынь; агитация и пропаганда; идеологическая борьба; ОУН; население; оккупанты (Soviet guerrillas; Ukrainian nationalists; rebels; Volhynia; agitation and propaganda; ideological struggle; OUN; population; occupiers)
Subjects: by fields of science > History
Divisions: The College of International Relationship > The Department of History
Depositing User: Галина Цеп'юк
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2020 19:30
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2020 19:30

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