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Особливості забруднення атмосферного повітря непромислового міста: ризик для населення (Features of atmospheric air pollution in a non-industrial city: risk for the population)

Сердюк, А. М. ( A. M. Serdyuk) and Гущук, І. В. (І. V. Hushcuk) and Черниченко, І. О. (І. О. Chernychenko ) and Литвиченко, О. М. (O. M. Lytvychenko) (2019) Особливості забруднення атмосферного повітря непромислового міста: ризик для населення (Features of atmospheric air pollution in a non-industrial city: risk for the population). Медичні перспективи, Т. 24 (№ 4). pp. 154-159.

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Abstract

Мета - вивчення територіальних особливостей формування забруднення атмосферного повітря обласного адміністративного центру без наявних специфічних промислових джерел забруднення, визначення канцерогенного і неканцерогенними ризиків для населення. ( Purpose – to study the territorial features of atmospheric air pollution of the regional administrative center without specific industrial sources of pollution, to determine carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks for the population. The study was carried out in Rivne. The results of our own observations, the materials of the State Institution “Rivne Regional Laboratory Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine”, the materials of the Central Geophysical Observatory of the Ministry of Emergency Situations in Ukraine were analyzed. It was found that in the atmospheric air of Rivne, a regional center with a number of industrial facilities of communal property and a developed road network, the presence of chemical compounds of different classes is stably recorded, the concentrations of which in 20-40% of the samples exceed the MPC and reference concentrations. Territorial indicators of the content of harmful substances are in the following relationship: motorway ≥ industrial zone > park zone. Hygienic assessment of air quality by MPC criteria allows it to be classified as slightly hazardous. According to the criteria of carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks, air pollution in the city is not safe for the population and requires the adoption of preventive measures. It was shown that with exposure of detected air pollution there is a rather high probability of damage to the respiratory system of the body and the appearance of congenital malformations, as well as the development of cancer pathology. Hazard assessment of air pollution by carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks indicators is more informative and critically significant for determining its effect on public health.)

Item Type: Article
Corporate Creators: ДУ «Інститут громадського здоров’я імені О.М. Марзєєва НАМН України», Національний університет "Острозька академія" (The National University of Ostroh Academy)
Uncontrolled Keywords: повітря, хімічне забруднення, ризик для здоров’я ( air, chemical pollution, risk to the health )
Subjects: by fields of science > Ecology
by fields of science > Public health and hygiene
Divisions: The College of Political Studies and Information Management > The Department of Public Health
Depositing User: заввідділу Наталя Денисенко
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2020 17:16
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2020 17:16
URI: http://eprints.oa.edu.ua/id/eprint/8016

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