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Участь Данила Шумука у Норильському повстанні 1953 року (Рarticipation of Danylo Shumuk in the Norilsk uprising)

Фініковський, Ю. (Yu. Finikovskyi) (2020) Участь Данила Шумука у Норильському повстанні 1953 року (Рarticipation of Danylo Shumuk in the Norilsk uprising). Наукові записки Національного університету «Острозька академія». Серія «Історичні науки» (Вип.30). pp. 98-104.

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Abstract

У статті охарактеризовано участь українського політв’язня, учасника національно-визвольного руху на Волині у роки Другої світової війни Данила Шумука в організації Норильського повстання політв’язнів (червень-серпень 1953 р.). Показано процес створення діячем конспіративного утворення – «самодопомогової організації», цілі, склад, методи діяльності її членів, взаємовідносини між ними. На основі вітчизняних та зарубіжних джерел проаналізовано форми протесту ув’язнених, їх вимоги. Висвітлено основні результати боротьби політв’язнів, їх подальшу долю. (The Norilsk uprising was a major strike by Gulag inmates in Gorlag, a special camp mostly for political prisoners, in the summer of 1953, shortly after Joseph Stalin’s death. About 70% of inmates were Ukrainians, many of whom had been sentenced for 25 years to the so-called «Bandera Standard». It was the first major revolt within the Gulag system in 1953-1954. Between May 26 and August 4, 1953, the inmates of the GorlagMain camp went on strike, which lasted 69 days. This was the longest uprising in the history of the Gulag. The preconditions for the uprising can be seen as the following: the arrival of waves of prisoners to the Gorlag, who had participated in the uprisings of 1952, the death of Stalin on March 5, 1953 and the fact that the amnesty that followed his death only applied to (non-political) criminals and convicts with short prison terms, the percentage of which was very low in Gorlag. All categories of inmates took part in the uprising, with the leading roles played by former military men and participants of national liberation movements of western Ukraine, Georgia and the Baltics. Norilsk uprising combined various forms of protest – hunger strike, resignation, riot, armed uprising. One of the leaders of the uprising was Danylo Shumuk, a former employee of one of the UPA’s political divisions. The article describes the participation of a Ukrainian political prisoner, a participant in the national liberation movement in Volyn during World War II, Danylo Shumuk in the organization of the Norilsk Uprising of Political Prisoners (June-August 1953). The process of creating a conspiratorial formation by an activist – a «Selfhelp organization», the goals, composition, methods of activity of its members, the relationship between them are shown. On the basis of domestic and foreign sources, the forms of protest of prisoners and their demands were analyzed. The main results of the struggle of political prisoners and their future fate are highlighted. It is evidencebased the Ukrainian central role in Norilsk uprising, which was one of the strongest in the history of the Gulag, and resulted its reformation.)

Item Type: Article
Corporate Creators: Національний університет «Острозька академія» (National University «Ostroh Academy»)
Uncontrolled Keywords: табір, політв’язень, Норильське повстання, УПА, ГУЛАГ (camp, political prisoner, Norilsk Uprising, UPA, Gulag)
Subjects: by fields of science > History > History of Ukraine
Divisions: The College of International Relationship > The Department of History
Depositing User: Галина Цеп'юк
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2021 11:31
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2021 11:31
URI: http://eprints.oa.edu.ua/id/eprint/8410

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