Генезис наукової думки про мораль як об’єкт кримінально-правової охорони (Moral as the object of criminal-legal protection and its genesis in scientific literature)

Шевчук, А. (A. Shevchuk) (2017) Генезис наукової думки про мораль як об’єкт кримінально-правової охорони (Moral as the object of criminal-legal protection and its genesis in scientific literature). Development of Jurisprudence Problems and Prospects. pp. 144-147.

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В статті проведено короткий екскурс в історію наукової думки з метою доведення, що мораль, а не моральність є категорія всезагальна, об’єктивна, суспільна, а тому саме вона повинна виступати об’єктом кримінально-правової охорони. Запропоновано короткий аналіз низки теорій та учень античності, середньовіччя та нового часу відомих мислителів, філософів та науковців, серед яких, зокрема Демокріт, Сократ, Платон, Арістотель, Монтень, Гобс, Кант, Гегель та інші.
(The article deals with a disputable and absolutely unregulated nowadays issue of the correlation between moral and morality. This problem is far from being new. It has been in the focus of attention of numerous philosophers, ethnographers, anthropologists, sociologists and lawyers for many years. The article presents a short historical survey of the history of scientifi c thought with the purpose of proving that it is moral, but not morality, is the object of criminal and legal protection. Relying on the works of prominent philosophers, the author of the article makes an attempt to substantiate the idea that moral is a universal, fair and social category. Consequently, it should be the object of criminal and legal protection. The moral standards have always been perceived as compulsory, absolute and unchangeable phenomena, whereas the notion of morality has been associated with virtues, which vary in every philosopher’s theories. Taking into account the above mentioned factors, the article offers a brief analysis of certain theories and doctrines, worked out and introduced by Democritus, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Spinoza, Montaigne, Hobbes, Kant, and other representatives of Ancient, Medieval and Modern schools of Philosophy.)
It is worth mentioning that Ancient Greek Philosophers realized the social origin of moral and regarded it as some mental inclination. In the Middle Ages, the perception of moral was somewhat different: on one hand, it was oriented to local social groups, on the other, was considered as a principle of divine authority, as a system of commandments, granted by the God. During the Modern Times, the notion of moral has been limited to the mechanism of behavior and psychics, as well as to the personal interest of a human being. It has some regulatory nature. At the same time, human morality always lay in individual’s good will to keep moral laws and standards.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Мораль, моральність, генезис, об’єкт кримінально-правової охорони, мораль античності, середньовічна мораль, мораль Нового часу (Moral, morality, genesis, the object of criminal-legal protection, Ancient Moral, Medieval Moral, Modern Moral)
Subjects: by fields of science > Science of law
Depositing User: Марія Беженар
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2017 14:15
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2017 14:15
URI: https://eprints.oa.edu.ua/id/eprint/6330

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