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ПРОБЛЕМА РОЗУМІННЯ В КОНТЕКСТІ КРИТИКИ КОМП'ЮТАЦІОНАЛІЗМУ. (The problem of understanding in the context of computational theory of mind criticism.)

Синиця, А. (A. Synytsya) (2013) ПРОБЛЕМА РОЗУМІННЯ В КОНТЕКСТІ КРИТИКИ КОМП'ЮТАЦІОНАЛІЗМУ. (The problem of understanding in the context of computational theory of mind criticism.). Наукові записки. Серія "Філософія" (Вип.14). pp. 65-69.

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У статті досліджено основні труднощі комп'ютаціональної моделі свідомості, яку розробляли представники аналітичної філософії. Особливу увагу звернено на феномен розуміння, який не може бути відтвореним формально. Критично проаналізовано альтернативний до комп'ютаціоналізму варіант створення штучної свідомості - коннективізм, який ґрунтується на таких принципах функціонування мисленнєвих процесів, які наслідують діяльність кори головного мозку. (The phenomenon of understanding is analyzed in the article. Understanding is defined as the ability of setting the meaning. You can understand different things - text, a situation, a sentence, a word context. It is stated that the phenomenon of understanding has become to analytic philosophy in the middle of the twentieth century, when the intensive development of the theory of artificial intelligence had occured. One of the initial theories explaining the nature of consciousness as a computer program, was the computational theory of mind. It was formulated by A. Turing, J. Fodor, S. Pinker, D. Dennett, H. Putnam. They considered thinking in general and the phenomenon of understanding in particular to be embodied on computers. However many thinkers in analytic philosophy criticized this theory. H. Dreyfus proposed to consider various types of mental activity. One of such types is an informal thinking, that can not be formalized. It is noted that the most famous critic of the computational theory of mind was John Searle, author of the well-known mental experiment "Chinese Room". John Searle argued that the computer calculation and understanding are different phenomena. Computer operates merely with the syntax, but not with the semantics. However, J. Searle reasons were also criticized (in particular by P. S. Churchland and P. M. Churchland). Although the author noted that their arguments are also too weak to refute J. Searle reasons. It is stated that the connectivism doesn't explain the nature of consciousness as well. Connectivism as an alternative to computational theory of mind based on the principles simulating our mental processes is critically analyzed. It is ascertained that the consciousness in general and the understanding in particular are still mysterious phenomena for contemporary science and philosophy.)

Item Type: Article
Corporate Creators: Львівський державний університет фізичної культури
Uncontrolled Keywords: Розуміння, свідомість, комп'ютаціоналізм, коннективізм, аналітична філософія. Understanding, consciousness, computational theory of mind, connectivism, analytic philosophy.)
Subjects: by fields of science > Philosophy
Depositing User: Галина Цеп'юк
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2013 15:35
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2013 15:35

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