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Філософсько-естетичні аспекти виникнення теорії гештальтів (Philosophical and aesthetical aspects of gestalt theory origination)

Скальська, Д. (D. Skalska) and Скальська, М. (M. Skalska) (2014) Філософсько-естетичні аспекти виникнення теорії гештальтів (Philosophical and aesthetical aspects of gestalt theory origination). Наукові записки Національного університету "Острозька академія". Серія "Філософія", Вип.15. pp. 125-130.

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Статтю присвячено основним філософсько-естетичним аспектам та передумовам виникнення теорії гештальтів. Саме завдяки гештальт-естетиці та науковим пошукам її представників отримали пояснення такі важливі психологічні процеси у свідомості людини, як феномен творчого мислення та естетичне сприйняття (The article deals with main philosophical and aesthetical aspects and preconditions of Gestalt theory origination. Owing to gestalt aesthetics and scientific searches of its representatives such important psychological processes within human consciousness as phenomenon of creative thinking and aesthetic perception got their explanation. The authors proved that indicating the most important aspects of aesthetic perception process, its elements and components that actually constitute its essence will be appropriate if looked upon from scientific and methodological points of view when taking this process into consideration. Such approach will be more effective to reveal mechanisms of aesthetic perception and disclose its structure. Gestalt theory which was put forth in the first half of the XXth century, and was based upon main categories proposed by E. Husserl’s phenomenological doctrine contributed to the development of such tendency of perception process study. Summing up the analysis of these theories formation preconditions, it should be mentioned that the problem of art perception and explanation of its mechanisms had become especially pressing in the scientific life of the then society. The article reveals the fact that a lot of new ways of development of aesthetic concepts were proposed in that very time. It was also the beginning of their close cooperation with applied sciences. Thus, experimental aesthetics proposed by H. Fechner, got its development in the studies of V. Wundt and H. Spencer, T. Lipps and J. Volkelt. Psychological aesthetics that attempted to give true scientific explanation to the mechanisms of artistic endeavor and perception, replaced the objective and idealistic theories of philosophy. Following this research, it can be summarized that despite all their shortcomings and weak points, the concepts that appeared during this period of time have directed the development of aesthetics into really innovative and original direction. The personalities of this period made an attempt to unite the things that had been united never before, i.e. scientific accuracy and artistic outlook. The results obtained due to their bold ideas and empirical studies have become the basis for scientific trends of the XXth as well as XXIst centuries)

Item Type: Article
Corporate Creators: Івано-Франківський національний технічний університет нафти і газу, Інститут екранних мистецтв Київського національного університету театру, кіно і телебачення ім. І. К. Карпенка-Карого
Uncontrolled Keywords: естетика, гештальт-психологія, естетичне сприйняття, візуальне мислення, художня творчість ( aesthetics, Gestalt psychology, aesthetic perception, visual thinking, artistic endeavor)
Subjects: by fields of science > Philosophy
Навчальні матеріали та презентації
Depositing User: заввідділу Наталя Денисенко
Date Deposited: 07 May 2014 07:38
Last Modified: 07 May 2014 07:38

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