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Барьеры, трудности и гендерные стереотипы в научной деятельности женщин (Barriers, difficulties and gender stereotypes in scientific activity of women)

Соловей, A. (Solovey A.) (2016) Барьеры, трудности и гендерные стереотипы в научной деятельности женщин (Barriers, difficulties and gender stereotypes in scientific activity of women). Наукові записки Національного університету «Острозька академія». Серія «Гендерні дослідження», Вип. 2. pp. 124-131.

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Abstract

Рассматриваются проблемы и трудности, с которыми сталкиваются женщины-ученые в профессиональной деятельности, а также трудности при построения научной карьеры. Выделяются социально-культурные, социально-биологические и социально-психологические факторы, препятствующие карьере женщины в науке. Акцент делается на таких «барьерах» в научной карьере как модель «тройного наказания», «стеклянный потолок», гендерные стереотипы, вертикальная сегрегация. (The paper deals with different points of view at obstacles of woman professional scientific activity. Main forms of gender discrimination, which have been existing at scientific community for long time and are existing until now, are described. There are three «barriers» in conception of «triple punishment» which women faces in their scientific carrier. Firstly, strong opinion in society that science is men’s sphere. Secondly, widespread belief that woman is less competent as a scientist. Thirdly, real daily discrimination in system of reward. Social-cultural barriers con- nected with reproduced system of patriarchate affairs look at woman primarily as a mother, housewife that forms stereotype of negative attitude to participation of women in professional scientific activity and, especially, in participation in administration. Such social factors hindering women’s carrier in science as «glass ceiling», gender stereotypes are studied. Gender stereotypes cause hidden discrimination of women in forms of artificial slowing of professional promotion, denial in scientific acknow- ledgement and adequate reward. Problem of triple burden of women, which is the cause of so-called «role conflict of working woman» is analyzed. This intrapersonal conflict arises because of high importance of success in professional activity and family for woman. The obstacles in the academic career of woman also include predominance of vertical segregation, which is reflected in the dominance of men in higher positions. The paper notes the effect on woman’s success in science of images of women scientists, prevailing in society on the whole and in the scientific (academic) community in particular. Problems of women in science requiring further theoretical and practical study are represented)

Item Type: Article
Corporate Creators: Національний університет "Острозька академія" (The National University of Ostroh Aсademy), Інститут соціології НАН Білорусі
Uncontrolled Keywords: женщины-ученые, «барьеры» в научной карьере, модель «тройного наказания», «стеклянный потолок», гендерные стереотипы, «ролевой конфликт работающей женщины», вертикальная сегрегация (women scientists, «barriers» in the scientific career, model of «triple punishment», «glass ceiling», gender stereotypes, «role conflict of working woman», vertical segregation)
Subjects: by fields of science > Gender Researches
Наукові збірники НаУОА
Divisions: The College of Humanities > The Department of Cultural Studies and Philosophy
Depositing User: Пров. б-р Наталя Денисенко
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2017 20:39
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2017 20:39
URI: http://eprints.oa.edu.ua/id/eprint/5308

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