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Синонімія простих ускладнених і складнопідрядних речень у сучасній українській мові

Харченко, С. (S. Kharchenko) (2012) Синонімія простих ускладнених і складнопідрядних речень у сучасній українській мові. Наукові записки Національного університету «Острозька академія». Серія «Філологічна» (Вип.57). pp. 124-126.

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Вивчення синонімії загалом, а синтаксичної зокрема, й надалі є актуальним і важливим, оскільки в загальноєвропейських масштабах постає проблема зниження рівня культури мови. У статті розгляну то критерії віднесення синтаксичних конструкцій до синонімічних, запропоновано перелік синонімічних пар, що їх утворюють в українській літературній мові прості ускладнені і складнопідрядні речення. (The studies performed in the field of synonymy, especially its syntactic subtype, prove to be topical and important nowadays due to the fact that there is an overall decline of the language culture in Europe. The article examines the main criteria according to which syntactic constructions may be also called synonymous. One of their main peculiarities is that they can coexist in harmony, not competing with each other. The article also presents a list of synonym sets being formed in the Ukrainian language by simple complicated and compound sentences. In the process of analysis, it was discovered that among the compound sentences that are able to form synonymic relations with simple sentences being complicated by the detached parts of the sentence (participial, adjectival and adverbial-participial constructions, detached apposition, object), the greatest percent of frequency falls on the compound sentences with the subordinate pre-substantive clauses of time and condition. The article also highlights peculiarities of realization of synonymic relationship in certain synonym sets: a) when the detached part of the sentence deals with the implicit explanatory word, then synonymic relations with the subordinate pre-substantive clause are impossible; b) when the supplementary action indicated by the adverbial-participial clause has additional meaning of themanner of action or cause, then the simple complicated sentence can’t be turned into the compound sentence with subordinate clause of time; c) synonymic relation can only be formed by compound sentences with the subordinate clauses of time which express simultaneous actions (processes, events) when the subject of the action (processes, events) is the same for both the main and the subordinate clause. It is also indicated that syntactic synonyms act as different ways of understanding and expression of the meaning, allowing the speaker to focus the readers’ attention on the main aspects of each communication situation. Besides this, syntactic synonyms make our speech more colourful, dynamic and expressive.)

Item Type: Article
Corporate Creators: Національний університет "Острозька академія" (The National University of Ostroh Aсademy)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Синонімія, синтаксичні синонімія, інваріантне синтаксичне значення, просте ускладнене речення, складнопідрядне речення (Synonymy, syntactic synonymy, invariant syntactic meaning, simple complicated sentence, compound sentence)
Subjects: by fields of science > General issues of linguistics and literature > Linguistics. Philology
Depositing User: Галина Цеп'юк
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2017 08:57
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2017 08:57

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