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Суб'єктність як модальний оператор особистості (Subjectivity as of the individual modal operator)

Дротенко, В. (V. Drotenko) and Гуйда, Ю. (Y. Guida) (2017) Суб'єктність як модальний оператор особистості (Subjectivity as of the individual modal operator). Наукові записки Національного університету «Острозька академія». Серія «Філософія» (Вип.20). pp. 13-17. ISSN 2312-7112

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У статті досліджено концепт «суб’єктність» як специфічний «модальний оператор» особистості (необхідність, можливість, дійсність), який визначає спрямованість суб’єктної активності індивіда. Проаналізовано поняття «суб’єктність» у філософії Аристотеля, Канта, Фіхте, Шеллінга, Гегеля. Розглянуто діалектику змісту і форми суб’єктності; проаналізовано потенціал концепції суб’єктної активності індивіда у визначенні сутності поняття «суб’єктність». (The article defines the concept of «subjectity» as a specific «modal operator» of personality (necessity, possibility, reality) which directs individual objective activities. We analyzed the concept of «subjectity» in the philosophy of Aristotle, Kant, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel. We found the difference of the terms «subject» and «subjectity». The term «subject» is mainly focused on the epistemological aspect when it comes to the adequacy or inadequacy of reflection of objective existence. Subjectity is understood as a quality of subject.The purpose of this study is: to identify the dialectics of subjectity’s content and form; to analyze the potential of the concept of individual subjective activity in the determining of the concept of «subjectity» nature.Aristotle stated that subjectity can be hidden, it can exist only as a possibility, or being actualized. The concept of subjectity indicates activity of a thinking individual in the cognition of reality and it’s transformation. Kant, Fichte, Schelling and Hegel studied the principle of the representation of subject and object relationship in the cognition as a necessary condition of the productive activity of consciousness. They defined consciousness as the basis of personality. Kant formulated the categorical imperative as the highest level of subjectiity. Fichte proposed the position about the autonomy of «Me». Self-consciousness arises as a reflection of motivation, «Me» acquires subjectity. Self- consciousness is the basis of subjectity. Schelling defined that «Me» is characterized not only by self- consciousness, but by the tendency to the objectification of itself. «Identical» is the basis of the world. It appears in nature and human consciousness, in history and art. Absolute identity has two forms: subjective consciousness and object nature. Hegel develops the concept of absolute principle: human cognition is self-consciousness of the absolute principle of reality. The highest level of consciousness is subjectivity itself; true independence, containing the opposites and overcomes them itself.The meaning of «subjectity» reveals itself as the way of self-determination (choice and decision-making, harmonization of reality); as the form of self – fulfillment (interactivity, productivity); as the need to be responsible (reflexive) in disposing of freedom in the limited space and time)

Item Type: Article
Corporate Creators: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Суб’єктність, суб’єктна активність, самосвідомість, ідентичність, самовизначення, самореалізація, рефлексія свободи (Subjectity, subjective activity, self-consciousness, identity, self-determination, self-fulfillment, reflection of freedom)
Subjects: by fields of science > Philosophy
Depositing User: Марія Беженар
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2017 08:18
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2017 08:18

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