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Medieval english drama (Англійська середньовічна драма) (Английская средневековая драма)

Bernar, H. (Г. Б. Бернар) (2017) Medieval english drama (Англійська середньовічна драма) (Английская средневековая драма). Наукові записки Національного університету «Острозька академія». Серія «Філологічна» (Вип.67). pp. 3-6. ISSN 2519-2558

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In this article we have focused on medieval English drama. The study explores the appearance and development of this phenomenon. It has been investigated that religious services gave way to the development of drama. During the 14-15 th centuries drama was at its peak. There were no permanent theatres and performances were in the centre of public attention. They were based on Bible and dramatized on significant Christian holidays. At first the church and clergy were responsible for theatrical productions which were staged indoors. Then the town and guilds took the responsibility for performances which were dramatized outdoors. The plays were called cycle plays consisting of numerous short plays which were dedicated to certain episodes or a cluster of related episodes from Bible. The plays were staged in different ways – on fixed platforms, in the round or on movable wagons. Gradually not only men took part in performances but also women were allowed to act. After moving outside the plays received some theatrical elements like comic effect and closeness to public. Liturgical drama was church performance fully subordinated to the liturgy. It depicted selected events from the Old or New Testament, connected mainly with Christmas and Resurrection. Miracle play presented an account of the life, miracles, or martyrdom of a saint. Most surviving miracle plays concern either the Virgin Mary or St. Nicholas, the 4th-century bishop of Myra in Asia Minor. Mystery plays were based on stories from the Bible. Each Mystery play was a single episode such as the Fall of Lucifer, Noah’s Flood or the Crucifixion and Resurrection. Together they formed The Mystery Cycle, which told the story of Christianity from Creation to the Last Judgment. Morality plays gave their audience a moral lesson through dramatic action that is allegorical. (У цій статті сфокусовано увагу на англійській середньовічній драмі. Досліджено, що релігійні служіння спричинили появу драми, розквіт якої припадав на 14-15 століття. Як наслідок, виникли такі різновиди англійської середньовічної драми, як: літургійна драма, містерія, міракль та мораліте. У дослідженні описано властиві їм характеристики та згадано найвидатніші зразки цих п’єс.) (В этой статье сконцентрировано внимание на английской средневековой драме. Исследовано, что религиозные служения стали причиной появления драмы, расцвет которой выпал на 14-15 столетия. Как следствие, возникли такие разновидности английской средневековой драмы, как: литургийная драма, мистерия, миракль и моралите. В исследовании описаны характерные для них особенности и самые известные образцы этих пьес.)

Item Type: Article
Corporate Creators: Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка) (Львовский национальный университет имени Ивана Франка)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Medieval drama, liturgical drama, mystery play, miracle play, morality play (Середньовічна драма, літургійна драма, містерія, міракль, мораліте) (Средневековая драма, литургийная драма, мистерия, миракль, моралите)
Subjects: by fields of science > General issues of linguistics and literature
Depositing User: Ірина Погончук
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2018 15:30
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2018 15:30

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